Independent Software QA Testing Services

Automation Testing 101

A Complete Guide to All Automation Testing FAQs


Test automation effort begins with understanding the project requirements and curating a solution based on the requirement.
Test automation processes include test automation planning, tool selection, test environment setup, test data preparation, test script development and maintenance, and test reporting.

A full-range test automation service can help minimize the team effort by automating repetitive tasks, the team can focus on more quality tasks, reduce testing time and economize incurred costs. It can also help reduce manual regression effort and time frame, cutting down the time to market with significant cost savings on a consistent long-term basis. However, a distinct automation strategy with roadmaps is essentially key for determining an effective ROI for the deployed automation initiatives.

Test Automation Benefits
  • 20% reduction in testing cost
  • 18% reduction in testing time
  • Allows for Continuous Delivery and Testing in integration with the CI/CD pipeline
  • Ensures Zero severe defect leakages in production
  • Powered with continuous releases almost up to several times a day.
Test Automation Setup Plan
Involves the standard process of deploying end-to-end QA automation process methodologies.
Test automation planning
Includes project evaluation and outlining software specifics for providing an optimal test automation coverage solution. With additional strategic advice on the relevance of several automated testing types and subsequent levels (Unit Tests. Integration Tests. End-to-End Tests) (API and UI). Planning over the test automation infrastructures alongside its integration into a CI/CD pipeline.
Test environment setup
  • Involves pre-selection of industry and domain-specific automated testing tools or developing a custom test automation framework.
  • Setting up configurations of the relevant testing tools.
  • Collaborations with the DevOps team, integrating test automation with a CI/CD pipeline.
  • DevOps engineers can assist with setting up a robust CI/CD pipeline from the very beginning stages if required.
Automated Functional Testing
  • Helps assure each functional requirement of your software is fully met.
  • At any stage of software development or evolution.
  • Helps to develop, run, and maintain the functional tests of relevant granular degrees (smoke, component, system tests, end-to-end tests, and integration testing) and level (API and UI automated tests).
  • Validates newly introduced non-disruptive features, by introducing automated regression testing.
Automated Performance Testing

Warrants stability and high performance of the software under varying degrees of stresses and environmental overload scenarios.
Includes deployment of

  • Load testing
  • Stress testing
  • Stability testing
  • Scalability testing
Automated Integration Testing

Warrants seamless end-to-end workflows of integrated software with data consistencies.

  • Internal (software modules and components).
  • External (software and third-party applications integrations).
Automated Compatibility Testing

Assessing the software’s consistent UI and functionality in diverse target environments and scenarios

  • Devices and OSs.
  • Browsers versions.
  • Network conditions.
Automated Software Security Assurance

Assessing the software exposure to security vulnerabilities and its compliance monitoring for relevant regulatory standards (e.g., HIPAA, GAMP, PCI DSS, GDPR, etc.), includes

  • Vulnerability scanning.
  • Code analysis.
  • Compliance testing
  • Security testing
Test automation execution
  • Analyze software specifics to outline a complete test automation coverage.
  • Strategize on the relevant automated testing types and levels of testing (API and UI).
  • Plan the test automation architecture and CI/CD integration.
Test automation deployment
  • Automated testing tools selection or developing a custom test automation framework.
  • Configure the deployed testing tools.
  • Collaborate with DevOps professionals, to integrate test automation in a CI/CD pipeline.
  • Set up a robust CI/CD pipeline from scratch, if required
  • Support for scheduled automation test suite trigger with email notifications.
Test data preparation

Analyze software specifics and data characteristics like data volume and the supported data formats to auto-generate test data. Utility packages support generating test data at run time.

Automated testing

On the outlined test automation coverage and scope

  • Write test scenarios and test cases.
  • Develop relevant test scripts.
  • Create a keyword-driven and data-driven framework streamlining automation maintenance.
  • Review results of automated test reports.
  • Maintain the automation scripts, and the data-driven and keyword-driven framework.
  • Migrate your test scripts within legacy frameworks (UFT, TestStack.White, etc.) unifying the actual framework to the test automation tools used.
  • Support for faster execution with parallel threads.
  • Generate HTML report for the Automation Execution
Test Automation Project costs

A test automation project is estimated taking into account:

  • Types of automated testing deployed
  • Scope of work and coverage.
  • Time to configure an automation framework or develop a custom tool.
  • Maintaining an automated test suite (according to the software complexity and the frequency of iterations and change integrations)
Typical test automation KPIs
  • Test automation coverage scale.
  • Number of test scripts created
  • Number of test scripts created during an iteration
  • Number of defects logged.
  • Ratio of the real and estimated test automation effort.
  • Flaky tests identification and measures to reduce the percentage of flaky tests, and coverage from the line of code executed, to all decisional conditions exercised
Test automation suggestions
  • Outline the most feasible test automation coverage.
  • Split complex test scenarios into maintainable ones.
  • Create an effective and reusable automation framework according to the software evolution
  • Reducing efforts by a data- and/or keyword-driven framework.
  • Implementing open source tools and technologies to reduce licensing cost
Automation testing at Thought Frameworks
Our key goal is to deliver products in an accelerated mode and this, in turn, transfers the pressure to the development team. With no compromise on the quality of the software, the QA team’s first attempt will be the Functional Automation Test Service Methodology to keep up with the pace and requirements and also ensure the quality and reliability of the web applications to deliver expected results.
Functional Automation testing services are the process by which the QA Team determines if a piece of software is performing as per the intended requirements by deploying automated testing tools.
Automation Testing Services Bug Hunt Process
Thought Frameworks is a tool-agnostic Organization. Our QA team provides ideal solutions for common, repetitive, and high-volume testing by coordinating, managing, and sharing results from a centralized location by deploying automation tools (open source and commercial) providing end-to-end automation services, and creating a reporting engine by defining and building an enterprise automation framework.
TF Methodologies
Automation Testing Services Bug Hunt Process
One of the best ways to improve a software’s efficiency, performance, and test coverage is surely achieved by Automated Testing. It also reduces manual requirements in the testing cycle subsequently.
Thought Frameworks Automation Test Culture (TF-ATC):
Knowledge Transition:
  • Estimating Automation Feasibility
  • Understanding Business, Application & Testing Processes
  • Preparing Application Inventory & KT Documents
  • Initiating KT & Reverse KT
  • Signoff KT.
Test Automation Requirements:
  • Knowledge sharing with the Team
  • Analyze and prioritize Manual test cases for Automation
  • Automation Scoping
  • Mock-up execution of test cases to Identify further roadblocks
  • Start preparing Web Elements/Locators.
Test Plan & Estimates:
  • Preparing Test Automation Strategy
  • Preparing Automation Test Plan
  • Pre-Estimate based on verifications.
  • Automation Design:
  • Determining Automation Framework
  • Identifying Reusable Business Scenarios
  • Identification of Test Data Requirements for Automation
Prepare Automation Design Document.
  • Test Automation Development:
  • Prepare Environment for Automation Script Development
  • Pilot the Automation Framework
  • Perform a Dry run of the Prototype Scripts
  • Re-Estimate based on Feasibility
  • Build & Enhance the Framework
  • Test Bed Setup
  • Test Script Creation & Code Review
  • Perform a Dry Run of the Automated Scripts.
  • Execution Test Scripts
  • Prepare Automation Release Notes
  • Test Delivery
  • Handover Test Scripts to Manual Test Team
  • Signoff Test Summary Report
  • Update Automation Handbook/Documentation/Scripts.
  • Project Closure
  • User Training
  • Signoff from the Stakeholders on the delivered Scripts
  • Update Knowledge Repository
The Importance of Functional Automation Testing
Automated Testing is required for the following reasons:
  • Simplify Test Execution
  • Increase the speed with which tests are executed (test scripts)
  • Increases Test Coverage
  • Increases Test’s Reliability
  • Shorten development cycles
  • Minimize the human interaction in testing
  • Lowers the cost of test maintenance
  • Improve the accuracy of software tests
  • Save time & money
  • Boost team morale.
  • Eliminate tedious activities
Tests feasible for Automation Testing Service

Unit Testing: Unit testing involves isolating and testing a single unit of an application from the rest of the software. Unit testing is deployed during the development phase and it is the first level of testing.

Integration Testing: Integration testing validates module communication and interactions, to assess system compliance.

Regression Testing: Regression suites are growing in size, and the variables must be refilled multiple times to ensure that new features do not interfere with older functions. This is easily automated.

Testing of complex functionalities: Tests requiring complex computations are prone to errors, hence it is ideally automated.

Smoke Testing: Deploying automated suites ensures delivery of high-quality functionalities. Assessing whether a build requires more extensive testing.

Data-driven Testing: Deployed on large datasets that require repeated testing as the build progresses.

Performance Testing: tracks the performance of software under various conditions via automation deployments.

Functional Testing: Functional testing must be performed rapidly and offer timely feedback whenever a developer submits a pull request (PR). This is impossible to execute without automation, particularly as the business grows.

Suitable Test Cases for Automation
  • High Priority/Risk – Business Critical Scenarios
  • Test Cases that are repeatedly executed
  • Test Cases that are very tedious to perform manually
  • Repetitive tasks consume team efforts
  • Test Cases that are time-consuming
  • Test Cases that are newly designed and not executed manually at least once
  • Test Cases for frequently changing requirements.
  • Test Cases executed on an ad-hoc basis
Nonsuitable Test Cases for Automation
What happens when you don't do Functional Automation Testing?
  • Defect resolution takes time.
  • The scope of defect identification is decreased
  • Full Test Coverage may not be possible
  • No clarity on the product deadline
  • Increases the cost of the project
  • Increases resource effort for the project
  • Reduces overall project quality.
  • Role of Functional Automation Testing in Agile

Agile methods relies on the efficiency and reliability of test automation in the Software Development Life Cycle. Agile emphasizes the significance of test automation Continuous Integration (CI), Continuous Delivery (CD), Test-Driven Development (TDD), and Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD). Strong test automation procedures also highlight the culture change and value of teamwork that Agile brings.

Our Approach
Thought Frameworks Functional Web Automation Approach

At Thought Frameworks, our Automation Frameworks are “No record & Playback”, just “Framework” that’s entirely based on reusability.

Our end-to-end Automation services & reporting engine enable you to define and build enterprise automation frameworks that withstand the test of time.

Our approach enhances the software quality and shortens the development life cycle. Our skilled and dedicated resources design and develop automation frameworks. Automation tools are aligned with the testing goals. The Automation frameworks we build to form a solid foundation in combination with specific automation tools to achieve accelerated project goals.

Our team integrates the framework and tools by applying the industry best practices and coding standards to test the software ensuring ease of maintenance.

  • Application Development
  • Develop Automated cases parallel to when QA Team design Test Cases
  • Run Critical Path Scenarios
  • Integration Testing On INT Build
  • QA Testing Cycle 1, Cycle 2, Cycle 3
  • Run Complete Regression
  • Run Critical Path Scenarios
  • Production Deployment [Text]
  • Staging Deployment Copy of Production Data
  • Run subset of all Critical Path Scenarios
  • Team structure & coding standards
  • Analyze application modules
  • Identify critical path scenarios
  • Client/Customer Approval
  • Design test data workflow
  • Capture static objects & design startup states
  • Update traceability matrix
  • Error & exceptions handling
  • Map & bundle test cases into automation scenarios
  • Design & develop common libraries
  • Design framework & script scenarios
  • Code merge & peer review of scripts
  • Execute automated cases
  • Identify failures
  • Update Scripts or Raise Application Error
Types of Automation Frameworks

Linear Scripting Framework: Test scripts are recorded and replayed in a sequential (“linear”) form with little or no changes.

Data-driven Framework: The test scripts to run are determined by a consistent source of test data (internal or external).

Keyword-driven Framework: Tables on a spreadsheet define the behavior of a test script based on a library of functions assigned for a given keyword.

Modular Testing Framework: Individual test scripts are deployed to test individual modules of an application under test, latter combined to form larger test scripts.

Hybrid Testing Framework: A combination of frameworks building to leverage the strengths of each other.

A poorly designed framework might cause problems even if you are using the right automation software tools.

Deficit planning in creating and selecting appropriate frameworks can limit the benefits of automation tests.

A standardized testing protocol for applications specifically designed for handheld devices is called mobile app testing. It is predominantly done to understand user engagement while parallelly checking the app’s quality.

The mobile app hosts three software types: native applications, mobile web apps, and hybrid applications.

We At Thought Frameworks understand the existing test scenarios/test cases
  • We understand your application
  • Custom Design & Approval
  • Development
  • Documentation
  • Critical path Scenarios
  • Regression Scenarios
  • Reporting
  • Capture screen shots for critical path scenarios for future reference
  • Receive email on automation run failure
  • Map screenshots to error logs on exception
  • Smart Thoughts on our Automation Approach
  • CI/CM Integration-Kick start automation with nightly build
  • Log automation steps into database to publish on reporting tool
  • Access to our unique automation results reporting tool.
  • Code
  • Deploy
  • Plan
  • Build
  • CI
  • CD
  • Test
  • Monitor
  • Release
  • Operate

This phase involves actual execution of automated tests or integrates the automation framework with CI/CM & build systems such as Maven, Github etc. such that the post-build step kicks off the automated test execution. This phase also involves verifying the reports generated by automated tests, analyzing the failures and logging appropriate failures as defects in the defect tracking system. The test reports generated by automated test and defect reports are then submitted to the client at the end of this phase.

  • Reliable
  • Ensures Better Quality
  • Repeatable
  • Enhances Return on Investment
  • Highly Programmable
  • Cost Reduction
  • Comprehensive
  • Fast
  • Reusable
Why Mobile App Automation Testing is Important

The ability to automate mobile app testing is critical as it allows faster testing and extends its scope of coverage across platforms and test scenarios.

When performed incorrectly, automation can be flaky and time-consuming, making it incompatible for the effort required to set up.

The key benefits of strategic implementation:
  • More Rapid Feedback
  • Faster bug detection
  • Enhanced risk mitigation
  • Increased test coverage
  • Shorten time to release.
  • Types of Mobile Application Testing

Functional Testing: Deployed often for testing UI elements, modification of screens, fundamental structures, and app functionality. Checks installation and update processes, location settings, compatibility, and accessibility of Application Under Test (AUT).

Interrupt Testing: Interrupt testing is an automation testing procedure that determines the ability of an app to operate further during the simultaneous operation of an application.

Regression Testing: Checks to see if the most recent updates or patches have introduced any new regressions or issues in the mobile app system. Deployed on a continuous basis to ensure that new modifications are feature enhancements rather than pre existing bugs in the application.

Thought Frameworks best practices
  • Set out a clear mobile testing strategy and define objectives before performing the actual tests.
  • Perform UI testing on actual mobile devices rather than emulators or simulators.
  • Ensure that tests are used in the initial phase as well as gradually throughout the development process.
  • Prioritize testing on specific devices and operating systems, as testing on all devices, operating systems, and network combinations are impractical.
  • Ensure adequate performance, stress, and security testing are performed and the results are further analyzed to take measures to optimize the application
  • Consider or identify scenarios for the appropriate tests to cover app interoperability, battery usage, and fault tolerance.
Thought Frameworks Mobile App Automation framework
The Mobile Test Automation solution from Thought Frameworks adapts Agile and DevOps implementation of applications and products. We create tool-agnostic solutions and frameworks that can be customized to meet the client’s requirements. We have expertise in providing Mobile Automation Solutions for both Android and iOS.Expertise to integrate cloud hosted devices for parallel execution.
  • Tricentis TOSCA
  • Postman
  • Apache JMeter
  • SoapUI
  • Selenium
  • WebdriverI/O
  • Appium
  • Selendroid
  • Espresso
  • XCUITest
  • MonkeyRunner
  • Cypress
  • Robot Framework
Tool/TechnologyDescriptionOfficial Link
SeleniumOpen-source tool for web application testing
AppiumOpen-source tool for mobile application testing
TestCompleteComprehensive tool for desktop, web, mobile, and cloud application testing complete/overview/
JMeterOpen-source tool for performance testing
CucumberBehavior-driven development tool for web and mobile application testing
JenkinsOpen-source automation tool for continuous integration and continuous deployment
Robot FrameworkOpen-source test automation framework for web and mobile application testing
Rest AssuredOpen-source Java library for RESTful API testing
PostmanComprehensive tool for API testing and development
PlaywrightOpen-source test automation framework for web applications
CypressOpen-source test automation framework for web applications
ApplitoolsAI-powered visual testing and monitoring platform for web and mobile applications
The Thoughframeworkers experience and value addition
  • Enhances development cycles
  • Ensures better software resilience and ease of execution
  • Ensures a higher scalability metrics
  • Ensures all features delivery on time

About Thought Frameworks

Thought Frameworks is a U.S. based leading QA and software testing organization that’s been in business since 2009, armed with the ultimate solutions for all your software’s QA testing challenges. Having headquarters both in California, USA and a fully functional well equipped QA Test Lab in Bengaluru-India, that delivers premium QA and QC services endlessly across different Industry domains and niches. An ISTQB Silver Partnered Company, our superhuman test team heroes have delivered numerous successful QA and QC projects for clients across the globe. Get powered by our deep dive bug hunting process that helps your software in clocking release cycles on time while delivering excelling quality and functionality.

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